Henry VIII Clauses

H is for the Henry VIII Clause, a nickname given to a provision in an Act of Parliament that delegates to a minister the power to modify the Act itself, or other Acts of Parliament. The delegation by Parliament of various powers to ministers – ‘delegated legislation’ or ‘secondary legislation’ – became common during the… Continue reading Henry VIII Clauses

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Gallery

G is for gallery, where since at least the seventeenth century the presence of members of the public, looking on to the Houses’ debates has been connived at by Members, officially forbidden and in practice tolerated, before, much more recently, it has been actively encouraged. The history of the galleries is closely bound up with… Continue reading Gallery

Estimates

E is for Estimates: though nothing could be more central to the role of Parliament, the approval of government expenditure by voting the Estimates has never been a process to make the hearts of Members of Parliament beat faster. Edmund Burke, who was given to histrionics, once flung a copy of the naval Estimates across… Continue reading Estimates

Doorkeepers

D is for Doorkeepers, not only an essential oil in the wheels of the House of Commons, but also part of its collective memory. Today's blog begins to pin down the history of a role that has become a Westminster institution. Doorkeepers oil the wheels of the House of Commons.  The role is an ancient… Continue reading Doorkeepers

Candles

C is for lots of parliamentary things: committees, chairs and conferences, but also for candles, which in Parliament have been the instrument of darkness, as well as a method of illumination, and whose abolition in 1718 was perhaps the first successful attempt at procedural reform…. A Letter from an Ejected Member of the House of… Continue reading Candles

Ballots

I began my A-Z of parliamentary history a couple of weeks ago with ‘Applause’. There were many options for ‘B’. The most obvious – bills – is far too big a subject to deal with in a blog. I thought the ballot would be a much easier proposition: it has turned out (of course) to… Continue reading Ballots